Dictatorial edicta MMDCCLXVIII

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On a.d. XVI Kal. Dec. M. Pompeio Sex. Lucilio cos. MMDCCLXVIII a.u.c. the Executive Committee of the Nova Roman Senate, consisting of Cn. Iulius Caesar and L. Cornelius Sulla Felix, in consultation and with the approval of M. Pompeius Caninus consul acted to resolve a situation that they viewed as an emergency, whereby three Tribunes had issued an intercessio against two recently passed Senatus consulta, but where the Senate leadership did not accept the terms of the test for a valid intercessio, set forth in the Lex Didia Gemina de potestate tribunicia. The Tribunes resisted to the attempts of denying their constitutional rights, and as a reaction to this, L. Sulla and Cn. Caesar, as Executive Committee, issued two Senatus consultum ultimum that established a Dictatura, which consisted of the offices of the Dictator and the Magister Equitum. The Executive Committee appointed a Dictator and Magister Equitum. Cn. Iulius Caesar was appointed as Dictator and L. Cornelius Sulla Felix was appointed as Magister Equitum. The Dictator then conducted a removal of those Nova Roman citizens who were involved directly in the intercessio (the tribunes and one magistrate), or in previous attempts to target the Senate and/or its leading members in a public campaign of hostility and opposition. A few magistrates and ex-magistrates were removed from the Senate because of their connection to the crisis.

After these events, some disgruntled members and the exiled former citizens of Nova Roma consulted several lawyers and two attorneys, because the legality of the Executive Committee, the Dictatorship, and the validity of the actions taken by the Dictatorship were debated. The Dictator stepped down voluntarily, prior to any court action, due to the potential litigants withdrawing from negotiations and the need to break the impasse created by that withdrawal. He rescinded most of his edicts prior to stepping down.

The controversy is not yet over because the potential litigants claim there is an issue over an electoral lex passed in 2013. Additionally there is no mechanism to facilitate elections under the circumstances existing after the Dictator stepped down. The Senate is consulting with Nova Roma's attorney to resolve these issues. As a result the election of the next administration of Nova Roma is still delayed.

The following is a documentation of the Dictator's edicts:

Contents

SENATUS CONSULTUM ULTIMUM


SENATUS CONSULTUM ULTIMUM ON THE TRIBUNICIAN INTERSESSIO OF NOVEMBER 13th 2015

This Senatus Consultum Ultimum is enacted by the Executive Committee of the Senate of Nova Roma, pursuant to the full authority delegated to that committee by the Senate of Nova Roma within the Senatus Consultum on Corporate Compliance.

1. The Executive Committee determines that the current situation concerning the Tribunician Intercessio of November 13th 2015 is causing serious negative impact to the corporate well-being of Nova Roma Inc. as a result of the failure of the tribunes involved in sponsoring and/or supporting this intercession to abide by the terms of the Lex Didia Gemina de potestate tribunicia. This situation is caused mainly by that failure of the tribunes, but also by the inherent structural flaws in the Constitution and Leges of Nova Roma.

2. The Lex Didia Gemina de potestate tribunicia. requires three conditions to be met, and of those the tribune issuing the intercession has failed to identify the name of the citizen concerned, failed to establish firmly which magistrate this is issued against and most importantly failed to establish which sections of the Constitution, or which lex, have been infringed by the passage of the Senatus consulta subject of the intercession. Consequently the intercession has failed the test set out in the Lex Didia Gemina de potestate tribunicia and is invalid, as per section II.A.2. The refusal of the tribunes concerned to acknowledge their errors and to withdraw the intercession has resulted in a situation where the lawful actions of the Senate of Nova Roma are compromised, and establishes a dangerous and illegal precedent that the will allow future, as well as existing tribunes, to usurp the authority of the Senate on spurious and/or factually and legally incorrect grounds.

3. Therefore as a consequence of the emergency outlined at (1) above, the Executive Committee of the Senate of Nova Roma is authorised to take such steps as it considers necessary to fulfil its mandate and/or resolve the situation at (1) above in any manner it sees fit, until such time as the Executive Committee considers that situation to have been successfully resolved.

4. The Executive Committee is authorised for the period that this Senatus Consultum Ultimum remains in force, to have the level of authority granted under section V.E of the Constitution of Nova Roma, namely to supersede all other governmental bodies and authorities, and to exercise that authority as it considers necessary in order to resolve the situation at (1) above.

5. The Consuls are directed to provide such assistance to the Executive Committee as the Executive Committee deems necessary, by way of issuance of consular edictum issued under the authority of this Senatus Consultum Ultimum, or in any other way the Executive Committee so determines is necessary, and further that the Consuls do not act in any manner contradictory to the authority, purpose and decision(s) of the Executive Committee.

6. All other magistrates, officials and citizens of Nova Roma must not to act in any manner contradictory to the authority and/or purpose and/or decision(s) of the Executive Committee, and must provide such assistance to the Executive Committee as the Executive Committee deems necessary and requires.

7. This Senatus Consultum Ultimum shall expire when the Executive Committee considers that situation to have been successfully resolved.

SENATUS CONSULTUM ULTIMUM ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE DICTATURA

This SENATUS CONSULTUM ULTIMUM is enacted by the Executive Committee of the Senate of Nova Roma, through the exercise of all of the authority of the Senate/Board of Directors of Nova Roma granted to the Executive Committee under the authority of the SENATUS CONSULTUM ON CORPORATE COMPLIANCE.

1. The Executive Committee of the Senate of Nova Roma, comprising of appointed officials of Nova Roma, determines that pursuant to the methodology outlined in sections III.1 and IV of the “Senatus consultum on derived meaning from legal authorities”, the derived meaning of the word “emergency” as used in section IV.B.1 Constitution, is defined as:

“an unforeseen combination of circumstances or the resulting state that calls for immediate action”

2. The Executive Committee has determined that based on the derived meaning at (1) above, the circumstances described in the SENATUS CONSULTUM ULTIMUM ON THE TRIBUNICIAN INTERSESSIO OF NOVEMBER 13th 2015 constitute an emergency, as so described by the Senate, for the purposes of section IV.B.1 Constitution.

3. Therefore pursuant to (2) above and pursuant to section IV.B.1 of the Constitution of Nova Roma, Gnaeus Iulius Caesar (citizen # 7228), censorial, consular, praetorial pontifex, proconsul and senator of Nova Roma, is appointed Dictator.

4. Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix (citizen # 8), princeps senatus, pater patriae, censorial, consular, praetorial and senator of Nova Roma, is appointed as Magister Equitum.

5. Pursuant to (3) above and (4) above, the Dictator and Magister Equitum shall form the constituent parts of the combined office of the Dictatura.

6. For the purposes of Title 13-B: MAINE NONPROFIT CORPORATION ACT, §709.1. the Dictatura shall be defined as exercising the authority and powers of an Executive Committee of the Senate of Nova Roma.

7. The Magister Equitum shall be subordinate in authority only to the Dictator. Any actions and/or pronouncement of Magister Equitum shall be considered as an action and/or pronouncement of the Dictatura, unless such action and/or pronouncement is amended, and/or overridden and/or cancelled by the Dictator.

8. The Magister Equitum may, if he disagrees with any action and/or pronouncement of the Dictator, resign his office forthwith by posting such a resignation on a Nova Roman public forum and/or on the Nova Roman Senate list.

9. Upon such as resignation as at (8) above, the action and/or pronouncement of the Dictator that the Magister Equitum disagreed with shall be void, and the office of the Dictator shall be suspended pending a decision of the Executive Committee of the Senate of Nova Roma over the continuation or termination of the Dictatura under such amended or re-affirmed conditions as it sees fit to impose.

10. For the purposes of section I.A.1 of the Constitution of Nova Roma and under the authority of section V.E of the Constitution of Nova Roma, the Dictator shall be deemed to have been appointed as though by Senatus Consultum and any action and/or pronouncement of the Dictatura shall be deemed to be an edict of the Dictator as defined under section I.A.1 of the Constitution of Nova Roma.

11. The Dictatura shall remain in existence for six months from the date of the enactment of this Senatus Consultum Ultimum, or until the resignation of either the Dictator and/or the Magister Equitum, should such resignation(s) occur prior to the expiry of the six months.

DICTATORIAL EDICTA MMDCCLXVIII


DICTATORIAL EDICT 001

I, Gnaeus Iulius Caesar, Dictator of Nova Roma, issue the following edict..

1. The following persons are forthwith and immediately stripped of their Nova Roman citizenship and expelled from Nova Roma and subject to a permanent membership/citizenship ban:

Publius Porcius Licinus (citizen # 13779)

Aulus Vergilius Figulus (citizen # 14560)

Marcus Martianius Lupus (citizen # 11054)

Sextus Lucilius Tutor (citizen # 8934)

2. This edict takes effect immediately
16 November 2015


DICTATORIAL EDICT 002

I, Gnaeus Iulius Caesar, Dictator of Nova Roma, issue the following edict..

1. The following persons are forthwith and immediately stripped of their Nova Roman citizenship and expelled from Nova Roma and subject to a permanent membership/citizenship ban:

Decimus Curtius Papus (Citizen # 15001)

Titus Flavius Severus (Citizen # 12928)

Marcus Flavius Celsus (Citizen # 15410)

2. This edict takes effect immediately
16 November 2015


DICTATORIAL EDICT 003

I, Gnaeus Iulius Caesar, Dictator of Nova Roma, issue the following edict..

1. The following persons are removed from all Nova Roman offices/positions held, including membership of the Senate, forthwith and immediately. Their citizenship remains valid and unaffected:

Aulus Liburnius Hadrianus (Citizen # 10604)

Publius Annaeus Constantinus Placidus (Citizen # 5934)

Gaius Petronius Dexter (Citizen # 11584)

Aula Tullia Scholastica (Citizen # 6596)

2. This edict takes effect immediately
16 November 2015


DICTATORIAL EDICT 004

I, Gnaeus Iulius Caesar, Dictator of Nova Roma, issue the following edict..

1. The upcoming 2015 elections scheduled in the Comitia centuriata, the Comitia populi tributa, and the Comitia plebis tribute are forthwith cancelled.

2. The following magistrates are ordered to remain in office until further Dictatorial edict:

Marcus Pompeius Caninus - consul

Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix – censor

Gaia Maria Caeca - praetor

3. All other persons holding elected positions shall occupy those offices until either:

a. Further Dictatorial edict or

b. The natural expiration of their term of office or

c. Resignation of the incumbent

4. Vacant positions will be subsequently filled by either Dictatorial edict or election.

5. This edict takes effect immediately
16 November 2015


DICTATORIAL EDICT 005

I, Gnaeus Iulius Caesar, Dictator of Nova Roma, issue the following edict..

1. Gaius Popillius Laenas, currently in the Senate by right of ius sententiae dicendae, is sublected as a Senator.

2. Titus Iulius Sabinus is appointed as censor to the now vacant censor’s position and shall remain in office until further Dictatorial edict

3. Gaius Popillius Laenas is appointed as consul to the now vacant consul’s position and shall remain in office until further Dictatorial edict.

4. Statia Cornelia Valeriana Iuliana Aeternia is appointed as praetor to the now vacant praetor’s position and shall remain in office until further Dictatorial edict.

5. All official Nova Roma fora administered by the praetors are on moderated status, whereby posts require pre-approval before appearing on the list concerned. Any existing edicta concerning list policies are confirmed, in addition to Dictatorial directions for the NOVA ROMA FORUM ROMANUM (this list aka "the Main List") already provided in Message 96626.

6. This edict takes effect immediately.
19 November 2015


DICTATORIAL EDICT 006

I, Gnaeus Iulius Caesar, Dictator of Nova Roma, issue the following edict..

1. The province of Pannonia is forthwith and immediately restructured.

2. The area of land contained within the Regio Marcomannia of the province of Pannonia, consisting of the Czech Republic and Slovakia, becomes a province in its own right, named Provincia Marcomannia.

3. The remainder of the province remains within the territorial jurisdiction of the province of Pannonia.

4. The province of Venedia, consisting of Poland, is abolished and the administration of the area of land formerly within that province is transferred in its totality to the province of Marcomannia.

5. Tiberius Iulius Nerva (citizen # 13981) is forthwith appointed governor of Provincia Marcomannia as legatus pro praetore.

6. This edict takes effect immediately.
19 November 2015


DICTATORIAL EDICT 007

I, Gnaeus Iulius Caesar, Dictator of Nova Roma, issue the following edict..

1. In order to ensure that in the future that magistrates and appointed officials can verify the membership of official Nova Roman lists more effectively, only one email address for subscription to such official lists will be permitted.

2. The email address chosen by each citizen for the purpose of subscription to official lists, and to receive email from them, must be the same as recorded in their censorial account.

3. Email addresses in the censorial account can be updated by logging into the “My Account” section of a citizen’s Album Civium page, by entering the following details in the “name or email” box on the top right of the page: full Nova Roman name (correctly spelled with no abbreviations), or email address recorded in the censorial records for the citizen, or his/her citizen ID number. Then enter the password for the censorial account page (there is a prompt if that has been forgotten). Then click on the hyperlink to “MY ACCOUNT”. In the third box on the left hand side of that page is a space to enter an email address. Make sure this is the one selected for subscription to all official Nova Roman lists, and if not update it and remember to click the “SAVE CHANGES” button at the bottom of the page.

4. Multiple addresses used by a citizen to subscribe to an official Nova Roman list is forthwith not permitted. Each citizen may only have one email address for subscription to official lists.

5. A transition time is now in effect for the full implementation of this edict. A series of warnings will be issued reminding citizens to comply with this edict, after the expiry of which the official Nova Roman lists will be checked for compliance and email addresses that do not match censorial records will be removed from the list(s) concerned.

6. Citizens are advised to update their email address in their censorial record as soon as possible.

7. Not included under the scope of this edict are magistrate’s cohors lists (as they are limited in membership and identities should be known), family and/or gens lists, the Back Alley, and private lists.

8. This edict takes effect immediately.
29 November 2015


DICTATORIAL EDICT 008

I, Gnaeus Iulius Caesar, Dictator of Nova Roma, issue the following edict..

1. The Nova Roman official list known as “The Nova Roma Announce list” is immediately restricted to Nova Roman citizens only. No new non-citizen subscriptions will be accepted. The list address is:

https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/NovaRoma-Announce/info

2. After the expiry of the warning time for the provisions of Dictatorial Edict 007 to take effect (relating to one email address only for all official lists), all non-citizen email address will be removed from the Nova Roma Announce list.

3. This edict takes effect immediately.
29 November 2015


DICTATORIAL EDICT 009

I, Gnaeus Iulius Caesar, Dictator of Nova Roma, issue the following edict..

1. Decimus Nautius Ahenobarbus (citizen #15259) is forthwith and immediately appointed as legatus pro praetore of Provincia America Transappalachiana.

2. This edict takes effect immediately.
05 December 2015


DICTATORIAL EDICT 010

I, Gnaeus Iulius Caesar, Dictator of Nova Roma, issue the following edict..

1. Pursuant to section IV.C of the Lex Cornelia de linguis publicis, Marcus Cornelius Gualterus Graecus (citizen #3743) is forthwith and immediately appointed as interpres linguae Latinae.

2. Lucius Livius Seneca (citizen # 15546) is forthwith and immediately appointed as a Latin translator and to assist Marcus Cornelius Gualterus Graecus.

3. This edict takes effect immediately.
05 December 2015


DICTATORIAL EDICT 011

I, Gnaeus Iulius Caesar, Dictator of Nova Roma, issue the following edict..

1. Posting in a language other than English on any official forum, or official communication venue owned/moderated by the magistrates and/or officials of Nova Roma Inc, including those of the religious collegia, must be accompanied in the same post by a translation into English.

2. Such a translation must be bone fide, not generated by a software driven translator (such as Google Translate), and within the scope of any already known and demonstrated, or reasonably deduced, abilities of the poster to provide accurate and comprehensive translations.

3. Claims that a translation will follow, under a separate post (regardless of whether that occurs or not) constitute an aggravated violation of this edict.

4. Translations not judged bona fide and deliberately so will be deemed an aggravated violation of this edict.

5. Patently genuine attempts by a person for whom English is not a first or native language to translate into English will not be a violation of this edict, regardless of the accuracy of vocabulary/grammar usage, or the overall ability of a reader to comprehend the meaning of the post.

6. The post, or any part thereof, must not be transmitted in any presentation format designed to limit, deceive or otherwise obfuscate any intended or actual recipient.

7. Violators of the provisions of this edict will not be warned, but under Dictatorial authority must be removed immediately by the owners/moderators of the venue concerned and will not be re-subscribed until authorized by specific Dictatorial authority.

8. A violator so removed from a venue who continues to post in further violation of this edict on other venues as specified at section 1 above will be removed from all such venues regardless of whether they have posted on them in violation of this edict, or not, and will be deemed to have committed an aggravated violation of this edict.

9. Any poster determined to have committed an aggravated violation of this edict will suffer severe sanctions, to be decided on an individual basis.

10. The ultimate decision maker as to whether this edict has been violated is Gnaeus Iulius Caesar.

11. This edict takes effect immediately.
15 December 2015


DICTATORIAL EDICT 012

I, Gnaeus Iulius Caesar, Dictator of Nova Roma, issue the following edict..

1. The following leges are rescinded and forthwith shall have no legal effect, for the reasons indicated:

a. Lex Equitia de iurisdictione Reason: Redundant due to the Lex Cornelia de poenalis

b. Lex Equitia de tirocinio civium novorum Reason: The 90 day citizenship process was suspended by Senatus consultum

c. Lex Arminia de levandis censorum oneribus Reason: The process is an unnecessary statement of common sense and in any case will shortly become redundant as the process of access to the membership records has been altered by Senatus consultum, and due to the censorial functions in general being scheduled for revision.

d. Lex Labiena de praetoribus agendis in loco parentium Reason: The process is unused and thus redundant

e. Lex Arminia de officiis aedilium plebis Reason: Unnecessary restatement of common sense and additionally has financial implications that properly should fall under corporate oversight by the CFO acting on behalf of the Board of Directors.

f. Lex Vedia apparitoria Reason: The Decuria never were organized as intended, nor are likely to be, and the viators can in any case be appointed, if really required, as scribes with a custom title.

2. This edict takes effect immediately.
22 December 2015


DICTATORIAL EDICT 013

I, Gnaeus Iulius Caesar, Dictator of Nova Roma, issue the following edict..

1. The following decreta are forthwith suspended until further Dictatorial Edict:

Decretum collegii pontificum et augurum de iure auspicandi et tripudio

Decretum augurum de auspicatione

2. Section VI.B.2.b.2 of the Constitution is forthwith suspended until further Dictatorial Edict. The presiding magistrate of the Senate, or of a comitia, will be the only person empowered to declare obnuntiatio.

3. This edict takes effect immediately.
22 December 2015


DICTATORIAL EDICT 014

I, Gnaeus Iulius Caesar, Dictator of Nova Roma, issue the following edict.

1. Dictatorial Edict 003 is rescinded. Aulus Liburnius Hadrianus (Citizen # 10604), Publius Annaeus Constantinus Placidus (Citizen # 5934), Gaius Petronius Dexter (Citizen # 11584) and Aula Tullia Scholastica (Citizen # 6596) are restored as Senators of Nova Roma.

2. In respect of Dictatorial Edict 001, Sextus Lucilius Tutor’s (citizen # 8934) membership ban is rescinded and his Nova Roma citizenship is restored. He is also restored as a Senator of Nova Roma.

3. The citizens specified in Dictatorial Edict 001 and 002, except for Sextus Lucilius Tutor who is dealt with as per (2) above, shall be eligible to apply for Nova Roman citizenship after the separation of the non-profit corporation Nova Roma Inc. and the Nova Roman res publica has taken effect. Such application shall be under the prevailing legal conditions at the time for Nova Roman citizenship.

4. This edict takes effect immediately.
06 March 2016


DICTATORIAL EDICT 015

I, Gnaeus Iulius Caesar, Dictator of Nova Roma, issue the following edict.

1. Dictatorial Edict 001 is rescinded. Publius Porcius Licinus (citizen # 13779), Aulus Vergilius Figulus (citizen # 14560), Marcus Martianius Lupus (citizen # 11054), have their membership ban rescinded and have their Nova Roman citizenship restored.

2. Dictatorial Edict 002 is rescinded. Decimus Curtius Papus (Citizen # 15001), Titus Flavius Severus (Citizen # 12928), and Marcus Flavius Celsus (Citizen # 15410) have their membership ban rescinded and have their Nova Roman citizenship restored.

3. The SCU’s issued by the Executive Committee are rescinded.

4. All other Dictatorial Edicts not previously rescinded are referred to the Senate for review and/or ratification.

5. This edict takes effect immediately.
11 March 2016


DICTATORIAL EDICT 016

I, Gnaeus Iulius Caesar, Dictator of Nova Roma, issue the following edict.

1. As the SCU on the Dictatura was rescinded, the Dictatura is terminated.

2. This edict takes effect immediately.
11 March 2016


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