Templum

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Latin origin for the word "temple", however the normal Latin word for "a building in which a deity resided" was aedes (q.v.). [1]


"Templum is the same word as the Greek τέμενος, from τέμνω to cut off, for templum, according to Servius (ad Aen. I.446), was any place which was circumscribed and separated by the augurs from the rest of the land by a certain solemn formula." [2]


A templum was a defined space, usually rectangular and of fixed dimensions that had been approved by the taking of auspices. [1] The designated area of sky in which an augur took auspices was also termed a "templum". [3]


References

  1. 1.1 1.2 Scheid, J., (2003) An Introduction to Roman Religion. (J. Lloyd trans.) Indiana University Press: Bloomington & Indianapolis. ISBN 0253216605
  2. Smith, W. (1875) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities. "Templum". Retrieved from: http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/secondary/SMIGRA*/Templum.html
  3. Adkins, L and R. Adkins, (1994) Handbook to Life in Ancient Rome. ISBN 0195123328

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