Latin phrasebook

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Meeting and greeting

Vernacular Latin
Hello! (to one person) Salvé!
Hello! (to more than one person) Salvéte!
I am Quinctilius. My name is Quinctilius (Lucretia, Capito). Egó sum Quinctílius. Nómen mihí est Quinctílió (Lucrétiae, Capitóní). - See dative
Who are you? What is your name? (to one person) Quis es tú? Quid nómen tibí est?
Who are you? What are your names? (to many persons) Quí estis vós? Quae nómina vóbís sunt?
How are you? Ut valés? (sing.) Ut valétis? (plur.)
What do you do? Quid agis? (sing.) Quid agitis? (plur.)
Thank you! Thank you very much. Grátiás tibí agó. Grátiás maximás (tibí agó).
I'm well, and you? Valeó, et tú? (sing.)
Thanks, I'm fine, too. Grátiás tibí, egó quoque valeó.
Well enough. Satis bene.
I'm ill. Aegrótó
I have a headache. Labóró capite.
I am tired. Fessus sum. (male) Fessa sum. (female)
I'm hungry. Ésurió.
I'm thirsty. Sitió.
Where do you live? Ubí habitás?
I live in Rome (in Madrid, in Paris, in London, in New York, in Athens) Habitó Rómae (Matrití, Lutétiae, Londinií, Noví Eborací, Athénís). - See locative
Excuse me! Ígnósce mihí! (sing.) Ígnóscite mihí! (plur.)
Now I have to go home. Nunc est mihí domum féstínandum.
Excuse me! Ígnósce mihí! (sing.) Ígnóscite mihí! (plur.)
Now I have to go home. Nunc est mihí domum féstínandum.
Good bye! (to one person) Valé!
Good bye! (to more than one person) Valéte!

Other

Let's just get stuff in now and organize it later, as the topics emerge.

Vernacular Latin
May I have your phone number? Liceatne mihí numerum telephonicum tuum habére?
Speak slowly, please, that I may understand you. Tardé loquere, quaesó, ut té intellegam.
Please sit down. Cónsíde, quaesó!
Oh my God! (Literally: "My Hercules!", "Oh Castor!", "Oh Pollux!") Mehercle! (used by all) Ecastor! (used by women) Edepol! (used by men)
Pass the (bread/wine/cheese/garum) please. Tráde, quaesó, mihí (pánem/vínum/caseum/garum)!
(Many) thanks! (to one/to many) (Multás) grátiás (tibí/vóbís) agó.
Where is the toilet? Ubí latrína est?

Expressions in letters and e-mails

See also: Latin for e-mail

Vernacular Latin
Dear (my dearest) Quinctilius! (addressing a male) Quinctílí cáre (cárissime)! - See vocative
Dear (my dearest) Lucretia! (addressing a female) Lucrétia cára (cárissima)!
Quinctilius sends greetings to Servilius (to Lucretia, to Capito). Quinctílius Servílió (Lucrétiae, Capitóní) salútem dícit - See dative
sends many greetings salútem plúrimam dícit
Farewell. (Literally: "Be well.") Valé! (sing.) Valéte! (plur.)
Farewell! (Literally: "Be very well (always).") Valé/Valéte (semper) optimé!
Take care of yourself. (normal) Cúrá, ut valeás! (sing.) Cúráte, ut valeátis! (plur.)
Take care of yourself. (stronger expression) Fac valeás! (sing.) Facite valeátis! (plur.)
Take care of yourself. (even stronger) Dá operam, ut valeás! (sing.) Dáte operam, ut valeátis! (plur.)


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