Senatus Consultum Ultimum on Electoral Process to be used in the Comitia Centuriata

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A. This Senatus Consultum Ultimum (SCU) is issued under the authority vested in the Senate of Nova Roma (Nova Roma Inc.) pursuant to the Nova Roman Constitution section V.E. and takes effect immediately upon being enacted by the Senate of Nova Roma.
B. All leges concerning the process of elections within the Comitia Centuriata are suspended for the duration of the life of this SCU, including but not limited to the Lex Cornelia de ratione comitiorum centuriatorum.
C. Rules on the elections in the Comitia Centuriata:
1. When the total number of Senators and those enrolled in the Ordo Equester exceeds the amount shown that cell then the number of centuries increases. The active column advances one to the right. That column then becomes the one with the current totals of centuries per class.


2. All centuries increase as the number of Senators and Ordo Equester members increase
3. The CP level in the lex of 220 for membership of the Ordo Equester is retained as a membership qualification, but bears no further relevance once a citizen is addmitted to the Ordo
4. All non-assidui are allocated to the Capite censi century. Neither CP, or Senate or Ordo Equester membership held shall not affect that placement. Citizens must be assidui to be allocated to their correct class.
5. Assidui senators and assidui members of the Ordo Equester are allocated to the centuries shown in the active operating column (based on total of Senate and Ordo individuals - see 1 above) with one member (whether Senatorial or Ordo Equester to each century available).
6. The centuries shown in the active column are the maximum number available for allocation
7. Non-senatorial or Ordo Equester assudi citizens are first divided up into classes 1 - 5 inclusive based on their CP.
8. Each of the citizens in 7 above are ranked in their respective classes, with the citizen with highest CP in that class first. Where one or more citizens have the same CP, they will be ranked by the order of joining with the citizen with longest service first, and then decreasing in join date order.
9. If citizens have joined on the same day at 8 above then the oldest in age shall be placed first. If those citizens were born on the same day a coin toss shall decide who goes first.
10. The active total of centuries are now numbered with the number for the Senate and Ordo being numbered 1 to whatever the number shown for the Senate/Ordo is. In column D for example, they would be numbered 1 -24.
11. Class 1 has its centuries numbered by starting with the next century number sequentially after the last Senate/Ordo century, in the case of column D it would start with 25, then 26, 27, 28, 29 and 30. (there being 6 centuries for Class 1 in this column)
12. The number of voters in the first century of a class must be 1 greater than the last century in the class above it.
13. Within a class each century must have the same number of voters as, or less than, the century lower than it
14. After allocation the number of filled centuries must not exceed the maximum available for that class in the active column.
15. Where the number of citizens in a higher numbered class is greater than or the same as than the last century in the class above then enough citizens in that previous class shall be moved to the higher numbered class until the amended total is 1 greater in the higher numbered class
16. If a citizen paid for an upgrade in class they shall be refunded the money they paid for a class upgrade if as a result of 15 above they move to a higher class again.
17. Before Senators, or members of the Ordo Equester, can be appointed the minimum number of assidui citizens for that active column must have been reached. If it has not been reached, then regardless of the numbers eligible the active band shall not move to the right.
18. Where there are more potential Senators and Ordo members combined than centuries available, but not enough assidui citizens to move the active column to the right, then the Senators shall take precedence and in order of seniority.(office held, then by year of election, then length of citizenship, then age)
19. Potential Senators for appointment shall be ordered first by office held (senior first), then if necessary by year of election, then citizen number, then by age, then if all that fails by coin toss)
20. Class 5 must always be comprised of 2 centuries, to be greater than the Capite censi century. Citizen shall be adjusted between Classes 1 -4 to ensure that the number in the Capite censi is always 1 more than in the last century in Class 5 (very, very rare)
21. Any situation that is not covered by these rules, and which would result in one of these rules being violated shall be decided by the Censors, keeping as much as they can to the spirit of these rules.
D. Notes for guidance - principles used:
1 The Senate and Ordo Equester members as those who have "shown the greatest commitment to Nova Roma" have the centuries weighted accordingly as per the bylaws.
2. The class and century point divisions as per the lex are maintained, except for the removal of the Ordo Equester as a separate block of centuries, and for the setting of Class 5 minimum CP at 1 now.
3. Only members of Capite censi are non-assidui citizens, regardless of status, position etc.
4. The number of assidui citizens as the determing factor for growth in the centuries is removed, to accommodate the maintance of the Senate/Ordo advantage as they grow.
5. Classes 1 - 5 maintain the principle of always the higher class has less centuries, therefore maintaining the principle that as you go into a lower numbered class, from 4 to 3 for example, then once in 3 your vote counts for more as there are less people allocated to a century.
6. The rotational method of allocation to available centuries, low to high, high to low and so, maintains the principle that those with higher CP still potentially fall into centuries with less members the lower the century number.
7. The last column, where Senators and ordo members combined equal 102 (or more) has the remaining availble centuries to make 193 spread between Class 1 to 5..
8. The increment of Senators and Ordo is by 6.. The rationale is that every normal year a maximum of 6 can be added (2 praetors, 2, consuls, 1 censor/1 Ordo). If the Ordo grows faster then it will push the total up too.
9. The Lex Popillia senatoria 15% threshold is utilized, keeping to the spirit of keeping the Senate proportionate to citizens. Ex-magistrates awaiting appointment to the Senate can attend and listen, and if permitted by the Presiding Magistrate speak, but shall not vote as per their not being classed as Senators under the Constitution/Bylaws.
E. The administration of this electoral process, including the methodology of resolution of any unforeseen issues not covered in the SCU that arise from its operation, shall be as determined under any subsequent SCU issued for the purpose of determining the roles and staffing of the electoral team members. Such an SCU may not exceed such a scope and limit, and must not alter the content, intent and purpose of this SCU. Nothing in this SCU shall empower any person in the course of the administration of this SCU, including resolution of unforeseen issues, to negatively impact or reduce in any way the provisions laid out here.
F. Upon enactment of this Senatus consultum:
A. The only lawful method of subsequently superseding, amending or repealing this Senatus Consultum must be by way of a Senatus Consultum, or Senatus Consultum Ultimum, that must achieve an extraordinary majority before it can be enacted. Any other method or attempt shall be illegal and forbidden.
B. No other Senatus Consultum or Senatus Consultum Ultimum shall be enacted where the proposed content of which conflicts, negates, overrides, limits or otherwise affects in a negative manner the contents and/or purposes of all or any part of this Senatus Consultum Ultimum, whether directly or indirectly other than by the method at specified at section F..A of this Senatus Consultum Ultimum.
G. This Senatus Consultum Ultimum shall terminate on the 31st December 2022, unless it shall be terminated earlier under the process described at section F.A of this Senatus Consultum Ultimum.
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