Vigintisexviri (Nova Roma)
The vigintisexviratus was a college of the lowest elected magistrates in the Nova Roman Republic, based on ancient Roman republican model. The name literally means "twenty-six chairmen", although their number in Nova Roma was set to ten. The word vir ("man"), or in plural viri ("men"), in contrast to homo (man), was usually implied to denote a politician, officer, or soldier, therefore to translate e.g. tresviri as "three chairmen", vigintisexviri as "twenty-six chairmen" is very convenient and more fitting than to translate it as "twenty-six men"). They were elected by the comitia populi tributa, however, the editor commentariorum later became a senate appointed position. This type of magistracy has been abolished in Nova Roma, and there are currently no vigintisexviri in our res publica.
The following offices were once part of the Nova Roman vigintisexviratus:
|Magister aranearius||the chief webmaster of Nova Roma|
|Editor commentariorum||the editor-in-chief of the news and publications of Nova Roma|
|Rogatores||two registrars of new citizens and voters|
|Diribitores||four vote counting election officials|
|Custodes||two election jury officials|
History of the vigintisexviratus in Nova Roma
In Fr. Apulo C. Laenate cos. ‡ MMDCCLVIII a.u.c., the office of magister aranearius was removed from the vigintisexviratus and was made a senate appointed officer, like a curatorship. In L. Arminio Ti. Galerio cos. ‡ MMDCCLX a.u.c., the office of the editor commentariorum also became a senate appointment, although it remained part of the vigintisexviri. In L. Sulla (III) cos. sine collega ‡ MMDCCLXVI a.u.c., all offices of the vigintisexviratus was abolished, though it was maintained in the lex Equitia de constitutione corrigenda as a type of office for potential reintroduction. Diribitores, rogatores and custodes continued to be appointed but not as magistrates but only as subordinate officers similar to the category of apparitores.