Magistracies (Nova Roma)

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Our magistracies

Consul
Praetor
Censor
Aedilis curulis
Aedilis plebis
Quaestor
Tribunus plebis
Curator aerarii
Curator rei informaticae
Magister aranearius
Editor commentariorum
Rogator
Diribitor
Custos


Classification of magistracies


Magistracy overview


Magistracies are the executive offices of Nova Roma. Central magistrates are the officials elected by the comitia or appointed by the senate responsible for the maintenance and conduct of the affairs of state. The office of governors is a magistracy effective only within the administration of a province. Nova Roman magistracies can be classified in several ways.

Contents

Ordinary magistracies of Nova Roma

The ordinary magistracies (magistratus ordinarii) are those which are filled every year by regular elections. They are the:

Higher magistracies

Consulatus


The consulship is the highest executive magistracy of Nova Roma. The two consules are co-presidents of the republic.

To stand for election as consul, a potential candidate is required to be at least 30 years old as of the effective date of office, must be assiduus, must have been a citizen of Nova Roma for at least four years, and must have previously held the position of praetor or Tribune of the Plebs for at least six months, or served as Provincial Governor for at least three years, or held the position of Senator for a year.[1]

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Praetura


The praetores are the second highest executive magistrates and vice-presidents of the Nova Roman Republic and are considered as lower colleagues and deputies for the consules. There are two praetores in Nova Roma and their principal duty is to oversee the official fora and to administer the judicial sytem.

The office of the current praetores can be found here.

To stand for election as praetor, a potential candidate is required to be at least 27 years old, must be assiduus, must have been a citizen of Nova Roma for at least three years, and must have held one or more of the following positions for at least six months: plebeian tribune, plebeian aedile, curule aedile, quaestor, or Senator.[1]


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Censura


Censores are very respected magistrates with the highest auctoritas to safeguard the public morality and honour but third in rank after the consules and praetores, because they do not possess imperium, and have no power to convene either the senate or an assembly of the people. Their principal duty is to maintain the lists of citizens, equestrians and senators.

To stand for election as censor, a potential candidate is required to be at least 30 years old, must be assiduus, must have been a citizen of Nova Roma for at least four years, and must have previously held the position of praetor or consul for at least six months, or served as Provincial Governor for at least three years, or held the position of Senator for a year.[1]

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Lower magistracies

Aedilitas Curulis


All aediles are responsible for the organization of the ludi (public games), public religious events and State properties maintenance. Curule aediles specifically are also resonsible for the Aedilician Fund and the Macellum.

To stand for election as aedilis curulis, a potential candidate is required to be at least 25 years old, must be assiduus, must have been a citizen of Nova Roma for at least two years, and must have held the position of plebeian aedile, Provincial Governor, quaestor, or a Senator for at least six months.[1]

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Aedilitas Plebis


Candidates for aedilis plebis must be citizens in good standing for at least six full months before taking office. They must be of the plebeian order, assidui, and at least 21 years of age by the date of taking office. Learn more ...

Quaestura


There are eight quaestores elected annually to serve as aides and financial administrators to the consules, praetores, and aediles. After eight quaestores have been elected, the newly elected senior magistrates are consulted and asked which of the new quaestores they wish to have assigned to them. The new consules make the final determination of this, publishing an edict assigning quaestores to senior magistrates.

To stand for election as quaestor, a potential candidate is required to be at least 21 years old, must be assiduus, must have been a citizen of Nova Roma for at least one year, and must have previously held the position of an apparitor for at least six months of service.[1]

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Vigintisexviratus


The vigintisexviratus is a college of the lowest elected magistrates in the Nova Roman Republic and the name literally means "Twenty-Six Men", although their number in Nova Roma is eleven. Learn more ...

Tribunatus Plebis


Although the tribunatus plebis is not technically classified as a magistracy, in practice it is one of the ordinary magistracies. The Constitution of Nova Roma provides that there shall be five tribuni plebis (Tribunes of the Plebs), who shall be elected by the comitia plebis tributa, and who shall all be of the plebeian order.

Candidates for tribunus plebis must be citizens in good standing, for at least six full months before taking office, of the plebeian order, assidui, and at least 25 years of age by the date of taking office. Learn more ...


The extraordinary magistracies

The extraordinary magistracies (magistratus extraordinarii) are those which are filled only when they are needed. They are the:

Dictatura


The dictatorship is the highest extraordinary magistracy of Nova Roma. The dictator is an extraordinary supreme president of the republic with full executive and legislative powers. Learn more ...

Interregnum


According the the Nova Roman Constitution, if both consular positions were vacant at the same time, the Senate should appoint an interrex to serve a term lasting no more than five days. The interrex must be a member of the patrician order, and shall have all the powers and responsibilities of a normally elected consul. The interrex shall organize new elections in the comitia centuriata to elect two new consuls to serve out the remainder of the previous consuls' term of office. Learn more ...


Provincial magistrates

A Nova Roman governor is a person appointed by the senate to oversee the daily handling of a province. The governor of the province can be variously termed, consul, proconsul, praetor, propraetor, or legatus pro praetore; the title depends on previous offices held by the governor.

The lex Vedia provincialis outlines the powers and duties of the provincial governors. They may also appoint legates and other provincial officials, but they must follow guidelines set out by the senate.


See also:

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