Priests (Nova Roma)

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The public rites of the [[Religio Romana]] were performed and controlled by a number of different priestly collegia and other special priests and magistrates. Those priestly organizations that ranked below the collegia were known as sodalicia, and there were many "independent" priests of various cults who bore the title sacerdos. In addition, there were a number of priesthoods of well-established "foreign" cults (such as the cult of [[Isis]] and [[Serapis]]). For a list of current Foreign Priesthoods of these "foreign cults" within Nova Roma, see [[Foreign priesthoods (Nova Roma)|Foreign priesthoods in Nova Roma]].  Some of these cults were initiatory, and were called "Mysteries" (such as the [[Mysteries of Mithras]]). [[Nova Roma]] has reinstated these ancient Priesthoods as part of our effort to reconstruct Roman religion and culture.
 
  
==Joining the Priesthood==
 
  
Nova Roma is accepting applications for various Priesthoods. If you are interested in helping to rebuild the Religio Romana and the worship of the ancient [[:Category:Roman Gods|Roman deities]] on an official public basis, we would be pleased to hear from you. The Priesthoods in Nova Roma are open to both men and women, with the exception of the [[Vestals (Nova Roma)|Vestals]]. As Priesthood is an important position of responsibility we do ask that you read the guidelines for applications before applying. Any questions about Priesthood should be directed to the [[Collegium Pontificum (Nova Roma)|Collegium Pontificum]].
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[[Image:Rr-officebanner.png|center]]
  
If you would like to become a Priest or Priestess of Nova Roma, please submit an [http://www.novaroma.org/religio_romana/guidelines.html Application].
 
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==Offices of the Public Religio Romana==
 
  
The [[Collegium Pontificum (Nova Roma)|Collegium Pontificum]] (College of Pontiffs)
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<hr>
  
The Collegium Pontificum consists of fifteen priests who serve the public rites of the State religion and have general authority to determine the structure and nature of both the public rites and the priesthoods themselves. They act as the general oversight committee for the public rites of the Religio Romana and appoint members of the various Priesthoods. Some specific administrative duties of the Collegium include: advising the [[Senate (Nova Roma)|Senate]] on religious matters, setting the dates of religious festivals, organizing and assisting the Priesthood, and acting as the final arbiters of Sacred Law and religious disputes.
 
  
===Pontifex Maximus===
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The [[Pontifex Maximus (Nova Roma)|Pontifex Maximus]] acts as the Speaker for the Collegium Pontificum, and oversees the [[Comitia Curiata (Nova Roma)|Comitia Curiata]] and the Vestals.  ''1 position; 0 filled.''
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<onlyinclude>The public rites of the [[religio Romana]] were performed and controlled by a number of different priestly ''collegia'' and other special priests and magistrates. Those priestly organizations that ranked below the ''collegia'' were known as ''sodalicia'', and there were many "independent" priests of various cults who bore the title ''sacerdos''.
  
===[[Rex Sacrorum (Nova Roma)|Rex Sacrorum]] / [[Regina Sacrorum (Nova Roma)|Regina Sacrorum]]===
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The '''four major priestly colleges''' were
 +
* the [[Collegium pontificum (Nova Roma)|Collegium Pontificum]] including the [[Flamen (Nova Roma)|''flamines'']], the [[Virgo Vestalis (Nova Roma)|''virgines Vestales'']] and the [[Rex sacrorum (Nova Roma)|''rex sacrificus'']];
 +
* the [[Collegium augurum (Nova Roma)|Collegium Augurum]], college of the [[Augur (Nova Roma)|''augures'']],
 +
* the ''quindecimviri sacris faciundis'',
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* and the ''septemviri epulones''.
  
The Rex and Regina Sacrorum (King/Queen of the Sacred) are a legally married couple that perform various public rites and make announcements of Festival days. First among the Priests and members of the Collegium Pontificum, but subordinate to the Pontifex Maximus. The Rex and Regina Sacrorum may hold no other religious or political posts''2 positions; 0 filled; 2 available.''
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In addition, there were a number of priesthoods of well-established "foreign" cults (such as the cult of [[Isis]] and [[Serapis]]). For a list of current Foreign Priesthoods of these "foreign cults" within Nova Roma, read about [[Foreign priesthoods (Nova Roma)|foreign priesthoods in Nova Roma]]Some of these cults were initiatory, and were called "Mysteries" (such as the [[Mysteries of Mithras]]).  
  
===Pontifices===
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[[Nova Roma]] has reinstated these ancient priesthoods as part of our effort to [[Reconstructionism|reconstruct]] Roman religion and culture.</onlyinclude>
  
{{Table_Pontifices}}
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<div style="width:50%; float:left">{{PortalBox |
''(15 positions; 10 filled; 5 available)''
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title='''Joining the Priesthood''' |
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content=[[Nova Roma]] is accepting applications for various Priesthoods. If you are interested in helping to rebuild the cultus deorum Romanorum and the worship of the ancient [[:Category:Roman Gods|Roman deities]] on an official public basis, we would be pleased to hear from you. The Priesthoods in Nova Roma are open to both men and women, with the exception of the [[Virgo Vestalis (Nova Roma)|Vestals]]. As Priesthood is an important position of responsibility we do ask that you read the guidelines for applications before applying. Any questions about Priesthood should be directed to the [[Collegium pontificum (Nova Roma)|Collegium Pontificum]].
  
==Flamines==
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----
  
The Flamines are thirteen priests who served specific deities - though they are allowed to worship other deities as well.  The Flamines hold public rites on the days sacred to their deity, and oversee the general worship of that deity. The Flamines are present in the Collegium Pontificum.
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If you would like to become a Priest or Priestess of Nova Roma, please submit an [[Application for priesthood (Nova Roma)|application]].}}</onlyinclude></div>
 
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===Flamines Maiores (Major Flamines)===
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<br style="clear:both"/>
====Flamen Dialis====
 
  
Position not open at this time. The [[Flamen Dialis]] serves the cult of [[Iuppiter|Iuppiter (Jupiter)]], and participates in the Vinalia festivals and at conferratio marriage ceremonies. This priesthood is subject to a large number of complex taboos which have not yet been resolved for reconstruction. The wife of the Flamen Dialis was known as the Flaminica Dialis, and assisted in the rites and was subject to the same taboos. '''''position open'''''
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==Collegium Pontificum==
  
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{{:Collegium pontificum (Nova Roma)}}
====Flamen Martialis====
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<div style="float:right">{{CitizenBox | n=Lucius Equitius Cincinnatus Augur | img=Lucius.Equitius.Cincinnatus.Augur | id=9 |text=Flamen Martialis}}</div>The Flamen Martialis oversees the cult of [[Mars]], the God of War, leading public rites on the days sacred to Mars.
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==Collegium Augurum==
====Flamen Quirinalis====
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The Flamen Quirinalis oversees the cult of [[Quirinus]], a god related to the peaceful aspect of Mars, who presides over organized Roman social life. The Flamen Quirinalis leads public rites on the days sacred to Quirinus. '''''position open'''''
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{{:Collegium augurum (Nova Roma)}}
  
<br style="clear:both"/>
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==Collegium Decimvirorum Sacris Faciundis==
===Flamines Minores (Minor Flamines)===
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The ''decimviri sacris faciundis'' are the third of the four major sacerdotal colleges.  Ten sacerdotes are in charge of the '''Sibylline Books''' (and their restoration) and responsible for the ''cultus'' that were traditionally introduced by their college. (10 positions; 0 available: '''Currently the Collegium has been disbanded for reorganization per the [[Decretum pontificum de membris collegiorum (Nova Roma)|Decretum Pontificum de Membris Collegiorum]], {{Mar 3}} {{2009}}'''.)
  
{|width="100%"
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==Collegium Septemvirorum Epulones==
|-
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|
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====Flamen Carmentalis====
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The Flamen Carmentalis oversees the cult of [[Carmenta]] (Carmentis), a goddess of Prophecy and Oracles. The Flamen Carmentalis leads public rites on the days sacred to Carmenta.
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The last of the major sacerdotal colleges, the ''septemviri epulones'' are seven ''sacerdotes'' who oversee the organization of public religious feasts. The Epulones arrange the ''Epulum Iovis'' (feast of Jupiter held on 13 Sept.) that is attended by members of the Senate and the People, and presided over by the images of the [[Capitoline]] divinities: [[Iuppiter]], [[Iuno]] and [[Minerva]]. The Epulones also oversee other public banquets at festivals and games held on other dates. The Epulones are one of the four major sacerdotal colleges, and have sacred as well as organizational duties. (7 positions; 0 available: '''Currently the Collegium has been disbanded for reorganization per the [[Decretum pontificum de membris collegiorum (Nova Roma)|Decretum Pontificum de Membris Collegiorum]], {{Mar 3}} {{2009}}'''.)
| {{CitizenBox | n=Marcus Moravius Piscinus Horatianus | img=Marcus.Moravius.Piscinus.Horatianus | id=432 |text=Flamen [[{{NAMESPACE}}:Carmentis|Carmentalis]] }}
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|-
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|
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====Flamen Cerealis====
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The Flamen Cerealis oversees the cult of [[Ceres]], Goddess of grains (identified with the Greek Demeter). The Flamen Cerealis leads public rites on the days sacred to Ceres.
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==Collegium Fetialium==
| {{CitizenBox | n=Flavius Galerius Aurelianus | id=2994 |
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text=Flamen [[{{NAMESPACE}}:Ceres|Cerealis]] }}
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|-
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|
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====Flamen Falacer====
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The Flamen Falacer oversees the cult of [[Falacer]], a deified Roman hero (who presumably personified qualities such as strength, courage, etc.) The Flamen Falacer leads public rites on days sacred to Falacer.
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Twenty priests who represent Rome in foreign diplomacy and the making of treaties and declarations of war. In Nova Roma the Fetiales act as diplomats with other nations and organizations, and are therefore expected to be well versed in Nova Roma laws and policy. ''(20 positions; 0 filled; 20 open)''
| {{CitizenBox | n=Quintus Valerius Poplicola|id=11334|text=Flamen {{Global|Falacer}} }}
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|-
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|
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====Flamen Florealis====
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The Flamen Florealis oversees the cult of [[Flora]], the Goddess of flowers, and Spring (and therefore new beginnings). The Flamen Florealis leads public rites on the days sacred to Flora.
 
| {{CitizenBox | n=Gaius Iulius Iulianus | id=4239 |
 
text=Flamen [[{{NAMESPACE}}:Flora|Florealis]] }}
 
|-
 
|
 
====Flamen Furrinalis====
 
 
The Flamen Furrinalis oversees the cult of [[Furrina]], a Goddess of Springs who had a sacred grove associated with water (possibly connected with health and healing). The Flamen Furrinalis leads public rites on the days sacred to Furrina.
 
| '''''position open'''''
 
|-
 
|
 
====Flamen Palatualis====
 
 
The Flamen Palatualis oversees the cult of [[Palatua]], the guardian of the Palatine Hill (the oldest settled part of Rome, therefore making Palatua possibly a goddess of Rome's beginnings.) The Flamen Palatualis leads public rites on the days sacred to Palatua.
 
| {{CitizenBox | n=Caeso Fabius Buteo Quintilianus | id=1065|text=Flamen {{Global|Palatualis}} }}
 
|-
 
|
 
====Flamen Pomonalis====
 
 
The Flamen Pomonalis oversees the cult of [[Pomona]], Goddess of fruit. The Flamen Pomonalis leads public rites on days sacred to Pomona (there was no major single festival day).
 
|{{CitizenBox | n=Gaius Fabius Buteo Modianus | img=Gaius.Fabius.Buteo.Modianus | id=4006 |
 
text=Flamen [[{{NAMESPACE}}:Pomona|Pomonalis]]}}
 
|-
 
|
 
====Flamen Portunalis====
 
 
The Flamen Portunalis oversees the cult of [[Portunus]], God of Harbors and doors. The Flamen Portunalis leads public rites sacred to Portunus.
 
 
| '''''position open'''''
 
|-
 
|
 
====Flamen Volcanalis====
 
The Flamen Volcanalis oversees the cult of [[Volcanus]] (Vulcan), God of Fire and smithcraft. The Flamen Volcanalis leads public rites sacred to Volcanus.
 
| '''''position open'''''
 
|-
 
|   
 
====Flamen Volturnalis====
 
 
The Flamen Volturnalis oversees the cult of [[Volturnus]], a River God sometimes also associated with the Southeast wind. (Both these aspects may be related to travel and trade.) The Flamen Volturnalis leads public rites sacred to Volturnus.
 
| '''''position open'''''
 
|-
 
|
 
|}
 
 
==Virgines Vestales (The Vestal Virgins)==
 
 
A priesthood of six women who guard the Sacred Hearth of Rome. They oversee the cult of [[Vesta]], Goddess of the Hearth and Fire, and lead public rites sacred to Vesta. The duties of the Vestals included maintaining the fire in the Sacred Hearth of Rome, and making [[Mola Salsa]] (sacred cakes made from spelt flour used in public rites.)
 
 
The Vestals also guarded some sacred objects, including the [[Palladium]] (an ancient image of Pallas Athene said to have been rescued from Troy). In ancient Rome the Vestals were virgins — in Nova Roma this has been replaced by a voluntary vow of chastity for the duration of office. Until Nova Roma has a central hearth, the Vestals each keep a Sacred Flame as a symbol of the Sacred Hearth of Rome. The Vestals receive great public respect for their work, and are entitled to be proceeded by Lictors.
 
 
'''Chief Vestal''': Position open
 
 
The Chief Vestal oversees the efforts of the Vestals, and is present in the Collegium Pontificum.
 
 
{{Table Vestales}}
 
''(six positions, two filled, four available)''
 
 
'''Past Vestals''': (honoured for their former vows and duties)
 
 
* Vespasia Pollia
 
* Prima Lucilla Cornelia Fortunata
 
* Gaia Iulia Caesaria Victorina
 
* [[Lucia Modia Lupa (Nova Roma)|L. Modia Lupa]]
 
 
==Collegium Augurum (College of Augures)==
 
 
Nine priests who take [[auspices]] and create [[templum|templa]], or sacred spaces. The Collegium Augurium is the second rank of priestly colleges. The duties of the Augurs include taking auspices before military and political actions, consecrating the sites of temples and shrines, overseeing the laws of augury ([[ius augurium]] — the discipline or art of augury itself) and advising the Senate.
 
 
===Active Augures===
 
 
{{Table Augures}}
 
 
''(nine positions, three filled, six available (four plebeian, two patrician))''
 
 
===Augures Emeriti===
 
* [[Flavius Vedius Germanicus (Nova Roma)|F. Vedius Germanicus]]
 
* Caius Aelius Ericius
 
* Marcus Gladius Saevus
 
* Damianus Lucianus Dexippus
 
 
==Septemviri Epulones==
 
 
Seven priests who oversee the organization of public religious feasts. The Epulones arrange the Epulum Iovis — (feast of Jupiter which is attended by the Senate and People, and presided over by the images of the [[Capitoline]] deities), as well as the public banquets at other festivals and games. The Epulones are one of the four major colleges of priests, and have sacred as well as organizational duties.
 
 
''(seven positions, six open)''
 
 
* [[Publius Claudius Caecus (Nova Roma)|P. Claudius Caecus]]
 
  
 
==Sodales Fratres Arvales (The Arval Brethren)==
 
==Sodales Fratres Arvales (The Arval Brethren)==
  
Twelve priests who compose the oldest priestly college in Rome. The Arval Brethren offer public sacrifices for the fertility of the fields, and preside over the worship of the Dea Dia, a Goddess of Grain and Cereal crops.
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Twelve priests who compose the oldest priestly college in Rome. The '''[[Fratres Arvales|Arval Brethren]]''' offer public sacrifices for the fertility of the fields, and preside over the worship of the Dea Dia, a Goddess of Grain and Cereal crops.
  
The rites of the Arval Brethren are one of the few virtually complete sets of Roman rituals to survive antiquity. In ancient Rome the Arval Brethren met in a grove sacred to the Dea Dia, where there was a circular temple and bath house. Until Nova Roma is able to provide such a central place, the Arval Brethren are to gather yearly in person if possible.
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The rites of the '''[[Fratres Arvales|Arval Brethren]]''' are one of the few virtually complete sets of Roman rituals to survive antiquity. In ancient Rome the '''[[Fratres Arvales|Arval Brethren]]''' met in a grove sacred to the Dea Dia, where there was a circular temple and bath house. Until Nova Roma is able to provide such a central place, the '''[[Fratres Arvales|Arval Brethren]]''' are to gather yearly in person if possible.
  
; Magister (President of the Arval Brethren): This position is elected yearly among the Arval Brethren.
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; Magister (President of the '''[[Fratres Arvales|Arval Brethren]]'''): This position is elected yearly among the '''[[Fratres Arvales|Arval Brethren]]'''.
; Flamen Arvales (Assistant to the President: This position is elected yearly among the Arval Brethren.
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; Flamen Arvales (Assistant to the President): This position is elected yearly among the '''[[Fratres Arvales|Arval Brethren]]'''.
; Sacerdotes Arvales: twelve positions open
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; Sacerdotes Arvales: 12 positions open.
  
 
==Sodales Luperci==
 
==Sodales Luperci==
 +
 
The Luperci ("Wolfmen" Priests who officiate at the Lupercalia) were responsible for purification and fertility, and the festival of Lupercalia is a time of fun and revelry. The exact number of Lupercii is not recorded and may have varied over time.
 
The Luperci ("Wolfmen" Priests who officiate at the Lupercalia) were responsible for purification and fertility, and the festival of Lupercalia is a time of fun and revelry. The exact number of Lupercii is not recorded and may have varied over time.
  
Line 182: Line 73:
 
===Luperci Fabiani (or Fabianii)===
 
===Luperci Fabiani (or Fabianii)===
  
: (Founded by Remus): Positions open
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:(Founded by Remus): Positions open
  
==Sodales Salii==
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==Collegium Saliorum==
  
Twenty-four "leaping priests" of [[Mars]] who who dance in procession during public festivals of Mars. The Salii are responsible for keeping the sacred ancilia (shields) and dancing and singing the public festivals sacred to Mars. The Salii in antiquity wore archaic armor and carried arms, and would stop their procession at certain places to carry out ritual dances and sing.
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Twenty-four "leaping priests" of [[Mars]] and [[Quirinus]] who who dance in procession during public festivals of Mars. The Salii are responsible for keeping the sacred ancilia (shields) and dancing and singing the public festivals sacred to Mars. The Salii in antiquity wore archaic armor and carried arms, and would stop their procession at certain places to carry out ritual dances and sing.
  
 
===Sodales Palatini===
 
===Sodales Palatini===
  
A ''sodalis Palatinus'' is particularly devoted to Mars Gravidus. There are twelve sodales Palatini:
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Twelve priests particularly devoted to Mars Gravidus.
 
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* [[Marcus Martianius Gangalius (Nova Roma)|M. Martianius Gangalius]]
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* [[Lucius Curtius Paullus (Nova Roma)|L. Curtius Paullus]]
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* [[Publius Claudius Caecus (Nova Roma)|P. Claudius Caecus]]
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===Sodales Collini (or Agonenses)===
 
===Sodales Collini (or Agonenses)===
  
Twelve priests particularly devoted to Quirinus
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Twelve priests particularly devoted to Quirinus.
 
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==Collegium Fetalium (College of the Fetiales)==
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Twenty priests who represent Rome in foreign diplomacy and the making of treaties and declarations of war. In Nova Roma the Fetiales act as diplomats with other nations and organizations, and are therefore expected to be well versed in Nova Roma laws and policy.
+
 
+
* [[Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Postumianus (Nova Roma)|Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Postumianus]]
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+
''(20 positions; 1 filled; 19 available)''
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==Quindecimviri Sacris Faciundis==
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One of four major priestly colleges.  Fifteen priests who are in charge of the Sibylline Books (and their restoration).
+
 
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* [[Flavius Vedius Germanicus (Nova Roma)|Fl. Vedius Germanicus]]
+
 
+
''(15 positions; 1 filled; 14 available)''
+
  
 
==Sacerdotes (minor priesthoods)==
 
==Sacerdotes (minor priesthoods)==
  
There are a vast number of major and minor Roman deities that were served by "lesser known" Priests and Priestesses in the ancient Roman world. The Sacerdotes are the lesser "everyday" priesthoods that tend the temples and shrines, indextain the worship of a deity, and who assist the populace with their worship of that deity.
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{{:Sacerdos (Nova Roma)}}
 
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Within Nova Roma the Sacerdotes that oversee the worship of deities that do not have their own Flamen or Collegia (or who assist Flamens in the worship of specific God or Goddess). There is, in essence, no limit to the number of Sacerdotes that may serve a deity.
+
 
+
Please note that since there are many Gods and Goddesses from the Roman World, all the possible Sacerdos Priesthood positions cannot be listed here. If there is a Roman deity that you are interested in serving both publicly and privately, you are welcome to apply to be an official Sacerdos of that deity by applying to the Collegium Pontificum.
+
 
+
===Apollinis Aedis Sacerdotes===
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* [[Cyrene Lucretia Corva Apollinaris (Nova Roma)|Cyrene Lucretia Corva Apollinaris]]
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+
===Concordiae Aedis Sacerdotes===
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* [[Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus (Nova Roma)|Cn. Cornelius Lentulus]]
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===Dianae Aedis Sacerdotes===
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* [[Lucia Modia Lupa (Nova Roma)|L. Modia Lupa]]
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* [[Arnamentia Moravia Aurelia (Nova Roma)|Arnamentia Moravia Aurelia]]
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===Iani Aedis Sacerdotes===
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* [[Tiberius Octavius Claudianus (Nova Roma)|Ti. Octavius Claudianus]]
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===Magnae Matris Deum Aedis Sacerdotes===
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* [[Quinta Iulia Caesar (Nova Roma)|Q. Iulia Caesar]]
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+
===Mentis Aedis Sacerdotes===
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*[[Marca Hortensia Maior (Nova Roma)|M. Hortensia Maior]]
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+
===Mercurii Aedis Sacerdotes===
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* [[Marcus Cornelius Felix (Nova Roma)|M. Cornelius Felix]]
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* [[Titus Iulius Sabinus (Nova Roma)|T. Iulius Sabinus]]
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===Minervae Aedis Sacerdotes===
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* [[Gaius Minucius Hadrianus Felix (Nova Roma)|C. Minucius Hadrianus Felix]]
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===Neptuni Aedis Sacerdotes===
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* [[Violentilla Galeria Saltatrix (Nova Roma)|Violentilla Galeria Saltatrix]]
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===Palatuae Aedis Sacerdotes===
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* [[Quinta Iulia Caesar (Nova Roma)|Q. Iulia Caesar]]
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+
  
[[Category:Religio Romana (Nova Roma)]]
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[[Category:Priests and priesthoods (Nova Roma)]]

Latest revision as of 06:38, 16 April 2018

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Contents

The public rites of the religio Romana were performed and controlled by a number of different priestly collegia and other special priests and magistrates. Those priestly organizations that ranked below the collegia were known as sodalicia, and there were many "independent" priests of various cults who bore the title sacerdos.

The four major priestly colleges were

In addition, there were a number of priesthoods of well-established "foreign" cults (such as the cult of Isis and Serapis). For a list of current Foreign Priesthoods of these "foreign cults" within Nova Roma, read about foreign priesthoods in Nova Roma. Some of these cults were initiatory, and were called "Mysteries" (such as the Mysteries of Mithras).

Nova Roma has reinstated these ancient priesthoods as part of our effort to reconstruct Roman religion and culture.

Joining the Priesthood

Nova Roma is accepting applications for various Priesthoods. If you are interested in helping to rebuild the cultus deorum Romanorum and the worship of the ancient Roman deities on an official public basis, we would be pleased to hear from you. The Priesthoods in Nova Roma are open to both men and women, with the exception of the Vestals. As Priesthood is an important position of responsibility we do ask that you read the guidelines for applications before applying. Any questions about Priesthood should be directed to the Collegium Pontificum.


If you would like to become a Priest or Priestess of Nova Roma, please submit an application.


Collegium Pontificum

The Collegium Pontificum (College of Pontiffs) is the supreme body for matters relating to the sacra publica of Nova Roma. It consists of nine pontifices who serve the public rites of the State religion and have general authority to determine the structure and nature of both the public rites and the priesthoods themselves. Voting members are the twelve flamines, six virgines Vestales and the rex sacrorum. They act as the general oversight committee for the public rites of the religio Romana and appoint members of the various priesthoods. Some specific administrative duties of the Collegium include: advising the Senate on religious matters, setting the dates of religious festivals, organizing and assisting the Priesthood, and acting as the final arbiters of Sacred Law and religious disputes. It may be called to order by any pontifex, and all the above listed members of the Collegium are able to vote.


Office of the Pontiffs

For administrative inquiries (priesthood applications, ritus requests, etc.) contact the Pontifices.


Current Membership in the Collegium Pontificum

The current members of the Collegium Pontificum are:

Rex sacrorum

The rex and regina sacrorum (King and Queen of the Sacred) are a legally married couple that perform various public rites and make announcements of festival days. First among the Priests and members of the collegium pontificum, but subordinate to the pontifex maximus. The rex and regina sacrorum may hold no political posts.




Pontifices

Pontifices, along with the other members of the Collegium Pontificum oversee most of sacra publica conducted on behalf of Nova Roma and its People. The title pontifex comes from the Latin for "bridge builder", a possible allusion to a very early role in placating the Gods and spirits associated with the Tiber river, and in building a spiritual bridge between men and the Gods. They are responsible for advising magistrates and private citizens on the performance of public and private rites.

The Pontifex Maximus acts as the Speaker for the Collegium Pontificum, oversees the Comitia Curiata and ritual responsibilities along with the Vestal Virgins.

(5 positions filled, 10 available (5 plebeian, 5 patrician))

CIV-Gaius Petronius Dexter.jpg Gaius Petronius Dexter

Pontifex Maximus

CIV-Quintus Fabius Maximus.jpg Quintus Fabius Maximus

Pontifex

CIV-Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Postumianus.jpg Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Postumianus

Pontifex

CIV-Titus Iulius Sabinus.jpg Titus Iulius Sabinus

Pontifex

CIV-Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus.jpg Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus

Pontifex

CIV-Marcus Pompeius Caninus.jpg Marcus Pompeius Caninus

Pontifex

CIV-Marcus Cornelius Gualterus Graecus.jpg Marcus Cornelius Gualterus Graecus

Pontifex

Unknown Citizen.jpg Marcus Claudius Marcellus

Pontifex



Flamines

The flamines are thirteen high priests who serve specific deities - though they are allowed to worship other deities as well. The sources tell us that a flamen was a sacerdos proper, and who was dedicated to the service of a particular deity. A number of sources fix the number of flamines at fifteen (three maiores and twelve minores), however the names of only thirteen of these are known with certainty. The flamines hold public rites on the days sacred to their deity, and oversee the general worship of that deity. The flamines are present in the Collegium Pontificum.

Flamines Maiores

Flamen Dialis

Position not open at this time. The Flamen Dialis serves the cult of Jupiter, and participates in the Vinalia festivals and at conferratio marriage ceremonies. This priesthood is subject to a large number of complex taboos which have not yet been resolved for reconstruction. The wife of the Flamen Dialis was known as the Flaminica Dialis, and assisted in the rites and was subject to the same taboos.

POSITION NOT OPEN


Flamen Martialis

The Flamen Martialis oversees the cult of Mars, the God of War, leading public rites on the days sacred to Mars.

POSITION OPEN

Flamen Quirinalis

The Flamen Quirinalis oversees the cult of Quirinus, a god related to the peaceful aspect of Mars, who presides over organized Roman social life. The Flamen Quirinalis leads public rites on the days sacred to Quirinus.

POSITION OPEN


Flamines Minores

Flamen Carmentalis

The Flamen Carmentalis oversees the cult of Carmenta (Carmentis), a goddess of Prophecy and Oracles. The Flamen Carmentalis leads public rites on the days sacred to Carmenta.

Unknown Citizen.jpg Marca Hortensia Maior

Flamen Portunalis


Flamen Cerealis

The Flamen Cerealis oversees the cult of Ceres, Goddess of grains (identified with the Greek Demeter). The Flamen Cerealis leads public rites on the days sacred to Ceres.

POSITION OPEN


Flamen Falacer

The Flamen Falacer oversees the cult of the God Falacer.

POSITION OPEN


Flamen Florealis

The Flamen Florealis oversees the cult of Flora, the Goddess of flowers, and Spring (and therefore new beginnings). The Flamen Florealis leads public rites on the days sacred to Flora.

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Marcus Aurelius Cotta Iovius

Flamen Portunalis


Flamen Furrinalis

The Flamen Furrinalis oversees the cult of Furrina, a Goddess of Springs who had a sacred grove associated with water (possibly connected with health and healing). The Flamen Furrinalis leads public rites on the days sacred to Furrina.

Unknown Citizen.jpg Manius Titinius Silvanus

Flamen Furrinalis


Flamen Palatualis

The Flamen Palatualis oversees the cult of Palatua, the guardian of the Palatine Hill (the oldest settled part of Rome, therefore making Palatua possibly a goddess of Rome's beginnings.) The Flamen Palatualis leads public rites on the days sacred to Palatua.

POSITION OPEN


Flamen Pomonalis

The Flamen Pomonalis oversees the cult of Pomona, Goddess of fruit. The Flamen Pomonalis leads public rites on days sacred to Pomona (there was no major single festival day).

POSITION OPEN


Flamen Portunalis

The Flamen Portunalis oversees the cult of Portunus, God of Harbors and doors. The Flamen Portunalis leads public rites sacred to Portunus.

CIV-Gaius Petronius Dexter.jpg Gaius Petronius Dexter

Flamen Portunalis


Flamen Volcanalis

The Flamen Volcanalis oversees the cult of Volcanus (Vulcan), God of Fire and smithcraft. The Flamen Volcanalis leads public rites sacred to Volcanus.

POSITION OPEN


Flamen Volturnalis

The Flamen Volturnalis oversees the cult of Volturnus, a River God sometimes also associated with the Southeast wind. (Both these aspects may be related to travel and trade.) The Flamen Volturnalis leads public rites sacred to Volturnus.

POSITION OPEN



Virgines Vestales

A priesthood of six women who guard the Sacred Hearth of Rome. The Vestal Virgins oversee the cult of Vesta, Goddess of the Hearth and Fire, and lead public rites sacred to Vesta. The duties of the Vestals included maintaining the fire in the Sacred Hearth of Rome, and making Mola salsa (sacred cakes made from spelt flour used in public rites.)

The Vestals also guarded some sacred objects, including the Palladium (an ancient image of Pallas Athene said to have been rescued from Troy). In ancient Rome the Vestals were virgins — in Nova Roma this has been replaced by a voluntary vow of chastity for the duration of office. Until Nova Roma has a central hearth, the Vestals each keep a Sacred Flame as a symbol of the Sacred Hearth of Rome. The Vestals receive great public respect for their work, and are entitled to be proceeded by Lictors.

The Chief Vestal oversees the efforts of the Vestals, and is present in the Collegium Pontificum.


CIV-Gaia Maria Caeca.jpg Gaia Maria Caeca

Virgo Vestalis


(six positions, one filled, five available)

Past Vestals: (honoured for their former vows and duties)


Collegium Augurum

Nine augures are high priests assisting magistrates in taking the auspices and advising the Senate and the magistrates on various aspects of divination, not the least of which is the proper handling of prodigies and portents. They create templa, or sacred spaces.

The Collegium Augurum is the second highest ranking of the four major priestly colleges in Nova Roma, too; the president of the augural college is the magister collegii. The duties of the augures include taking auspices before military and political actions, before the holding of the comitia centuriata or the comitia populi tributa, consecrating the sites of temples and shrines, overseeing the laws of augury (Ius augurium — the discipline or art of augury itself) and advising the Senate.

Active Augures

Positions open


(9 positions; 0 filled; 9 open (3 plebeian, 4 patrician))

Augures Emeriti

Collegium Decimvirorum Sacris Faciundis

The decimviri sacris faciundis are the third of the four major sacerdotal colleges. Ten sacerdotes are in charge of the Sibylline Books (and their restoration) and responsible for the cultus that were traditionally introduced by their college. (10 positions; 0 available: Currently the Collegium has been disbanded for reorganization per the Decretum Pontificum de Membris Collegiorum, a.d. V Non. Mar. M. Curiatio M. Iulio cos. MMDCCLXII a.u.c..)

Collegium Septemvirorum Epulones

The last of the major sacerdotal colleges, the septemviri epulones are seven sacerdotes who oversee the organization of public religious feasts. The Epulones arrange the Epulum Iovis (feast of Jupiter held on 13 Sept.) that is attended by members of the Senate and the People, and presided over by the images of the Capitoline divinities: Iuppiter, Iuno and Minerva. The Epulones also oversee other public banquets at festivals and games held on other dates. The Epulones are one of the four major sacerdotal colleges, and have sacred as well as organizational duties. (7 positions; 0 available: Currently the Collegium has been disbanded for reorganization per the Decretum Pontificum de Membris Collegiorum, a.d. V Non. Mar. M. Curiatio M. Iulio cos. MMDCCLXII a.u.c..)

Collegium Fetialium

Twenty priests who represent Rome in foreign diplomacy and the making of treaties and declarations of war. In Nova Roma the Fetiales act as diplomats with other nations and organizations, and are therefore expected to be well versed in Nova Roma laws and policy. (20 positions; 0 filled; 20 open)


Sodales Fratres Arvales (The Arval Brethren)

Twelve priests who compose the oldest priestly college in Rome. The Arval Brethren offer public sacrifices for the fertility of the fields, and preside over the worship of the Dea Dia, a Goddess of Grain and Cereal crops.

The rites of the Arval Brethren are one of the few virtually complete sets of Roman rituals to survive antiquity. In ancient Rome the Arval Brethren met in a grove sacred to the Dea Dia, where there was a circular temple and bath house. Until Nova Roma is able to provide such a central place, the Arval Brethren are to gather yearly in person if possible.

Magister (President of the Arval Brethren)
This position is elected yearly among the Arval Brethren.
Flamen Arvales (Assistant to the President)
This position is elected yearly among the Arval Brethren.
Sacerdotes Arvales
12 positions open.

Sodales Luperci

The Luperci ("Wolfmen" Priests who officiate at the Lupercalia) were responsible for purification and fertility, and the festival of Lupercalia is a time of fun and revelry. The exact number of Lupercii is not recorded and may have varied over time.

Luperci Quinctiales (or Quintilii)

(founded by Romulus): Positions open

Luperci Fabiani (or Fabianii)

(Founded by Remus): Positions open

Collegium Saliorum

Twenty-four "leaping priests" of Mars and Quirinus who who dance in procession during public festivals of Mars. The Salii are responsible for keeping the sacred ancilia (shields) and dancing and singing the public festivals sacred to Mars. The Salii in antiquity wore archaic armor and carried arms, and would stop their procession at certain places to carry out ritual dances and sing.

Sodales Palatini

Twelve priests particularly devoted to Mars Gravidus.

Sodales Collini (or Agonenses)

Twelve priests particularly devoted to Quirinus.

Sacerdotes (minor priesthoods)

There are a vast number of major and minor Roman deities that were served by "lesser known" priests and priestesses in the ancient Roman world. Sacerdotes are the lesser "everyday" priesthoods that tend the temples and shrines, maintain the worship of a deity, and who assist the populace with their worship of that deity.

Within Nova Roma the sacerdotes that oversee the worship of deities that do not have their own Flamen or Collegia (or who assist flamines in the worship of specific God or Goddess). There is, in essence, no limit to the number of sacerdotes that may serve a deity.

Please note that since there are many Gods and Goddesses from the Roman World, all the possible Sacerdos Priesthood positions cannot be listed here. If there is a Roman deity that you are interested in serving both publicly and privately, you are welcome to apply to be an official Sacerdos of that deity by applying to the Collegium Pontificum.

Concordiae Aedis Sacerdotes

Dianae Aedis Sacerdotes

Magnae Matris Deum Aedis Sacerdotes

Mercurii Aedis Sacerdotes

Quirinalis Sacerdotes

Vestae Aedis Sacerdotes

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