Provincia (Nova Roma)
Nova Roma has a worldwide, international central administration and a territorial organization, consisting of provincial, regional and urban subdivisions. The provincia is the highest level of the territorial organization.
The Nova Roman Republic is divided into a number of provinciae. A provincia can comprise a single country or several, or on the other end of the spectrum, can be made up of sub-national units from a single country.Unlike provinces of Canada or American states, Nova Roman provinciae are creations of the senate, the 'national' governing body. The senate, under the lex Vedia provincialis, can create a new provincia or combine existing ones by senatus consultum. The same lex outlines the powers and duties of the provincial governors. The senate also has the power to appoint and replace governors who appoint the provincial administration and may sub-divide their provincia into regiones for administrative purposes as they deem it necessary.
The structure of the provincial government varies greatly depending upon the existing conditions of the provincia. Several provinces cross national and linguistic boundaries and thus officials may be appointed to reflect this. Other provinces are geographically large or have isolated populations. There are no real laws concerning organization of provincial government other than the lex Vedia provincialis. This creates a flexible framework for the varying realities of the provinciae.
The governor of the province can be variously termed, consul, proconsul, praetor, propraetor, or legatus pro praetore; the title depends on previous offices held by the governor. There are some exceptional terms in use, too: the mixed title propraetor pro consule describes a former praetor who was given consular power within his province instead of the usual praetorian power. The title quaestor pro praetore indicates a temporary governorship when the quaestor of a province is standing in for the previous governor by the will of the senate until a permanent successor is found. The title dux distinguishes the chief-governor of a dioecesis, a cluster of provinces temporarily combined together for reorganization. The "governor" of Italia Nova Romana is called praefectus Italiae. All provincial governors are subordinate to the senate and to the central magistrates.
Both the administrative office of the governor and the headquarter of the provincial administration are called the praetorium. The governor's staff personnel, the cohors praetoria, consist of various officials executing the orders of the governor and may include legates, prefects and scribes, more rarely a provincial quaestor or proquaestor, sometimes a curator aranearius and a provincial sacerdos.
In some provinces, the governor shares his power with a provincial council, the consilium provinciae, sometimes mistakenly called curia, but in most of the provinces it is just an advisory body to assist the governor, and there are also provinces where there is no consilium provinciae at all.
It is a very important point to note, however, that provincial administrations are not territorial "self-governments"; Nova Roman provinciae are not independent or autonomous, nor free from the strict control of the central administration, but, on the contrary, they are tools of the central government to take directives and execute orders and instructions given from the senate and the consuls. The provinces of Nova Roma, just like those in the ancient republic, are a means for unity and effective administrative action, and not a provision for federalism or territorial autonomy.
Italia and the current Provinces of Nova Roma
- When, in addition to its wiki page, a province has an official web site or discussion list, a link is included in the column "countries".
- Except for Italia, all provinces are called "provinciae" (provinces). Italia is called "praefectura".
- Governors are called "legatus pro praetore", "praetor" or "consul", "propraetor" or "proconsul", except the governor of Italia who is always called "praefectus".
- The new maps below update the provincial organization of Nova Roma on a.d. VIII Id. Oct. Q. Arrio (II) T. Domitio (III) cos. ‡ MMDCCLXXIII a.u.c.
- Regions in light grey are territories not yet organized in provinces.
Current Provinces by Geographic Region
Asia and Australia
Previous provinces of Nova Roma
|1||Alasca et Havaia||USA states of Alaska and Hawaii||Merged|
|2||America austroccidentalis||U.S.A. states of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, and Utah||Extinct|
|3||America austrorientalis||U.S.A. states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississipi, Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia,North and Sth Carolina and Florida||Extinct|
|4||America boreoccidentalis||U.S.A. states of Idaho, Oregon, Washington and Alaska||Extinct|
|5||California||U.S.A. states of California, Nevada, and Hawaii||Extinct|
|6||America Deserta||USA states of Arizona, Nevada and Utah||Merged|
|7||America Gallica||USA states of Arkansas and Louisiana||Merged|
|8||Hibernia||Island of Ireland (Rep. of Ireland and U.K. Northern Ireland)||Extinct|
|9||America Mississippiensis||USA - Mississippi and Alabama||Merged|
|10||America Missuriensis||USA - Iowa and Missouri||Merged|
|11||America Montana||USA - Montana and Wyoming||Merged|
|12||America Nebrascensis||USA - Nebraska and Kansas||Merged|
|13||America Noveboracensis||USA - New York and New Jersey||Merged|
|14||America Oregonensis||USA - Idaho, Oregon and Washington||Merged|
|15||America Texia||USA - Texas and Oklahoma||Merged|
|16||America Transappalachiana||U.S.A. States of USA - Tennessee and Kentucky||Merged|
|17||Argentina||Argentine, Paraguay and Uruguay||Extinct|
|18||California Angelensis||USA - California south of Paso Robles and Delano||Merged|
|19||California Franciscensis||USA - California north of Paso Robles and Delano||Merged|
|20||Canada Citerior||Canada - Ontario, Québec, Labrador-Terre Neuve, New Brunswick and New Scotland||Merged|
|21||Canada Ulterior||Canada - Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, British Columbia, Yukon, Northwest and Nunavut||Merged|
|22||Carolina||USA - North Carolina and South Carolina||Merged|
|23||Columbia||USA - Maryland and the District of Columbia||Merged|
|24||Dacota||USA - North Dakota and South Dakota||Merged|
|25||Georgia Florida||U.S.A. USA - Florida and Georgia||Merged|
|26||Guria||North Korea and South Korea||Extinct|
|27||Mediatlantica||USA - Pennsylvania and Delaware||Merged|
|28||Minnesota||USA - Minnesota||Merged|
|30||Nova Britannia Citerior||USA - Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont||Merged|
|31||Nova Britannia Ulterior||USA - Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.||Merged|
|32||Ohio||USA - Ohio||Merged|
|34||Virginia||USA - Virginia and West Virginia||Merged|
|35||ARCHIVAL PAGE FOR Lacus Magni||U.S.A. states of Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, and West Virginia||Reformed|
|36||ARCHIVAL PAGE FOR Mediatlantica||U.S.A. states of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, and the District of Columbia||Reformed|